Come January, the holiday joy turns into debt regret. It's important to shed this debt quickly, and to learn how to prevent the same troubles next year.
Drowning in debt after the holidays is all too common. "It's important to first take a deep breath and realize you're not the only one struggling with looming holiday debt," says Michael Gold, a certified financial planner who works in investments at Wachovia Securities. The average American household is already saddled with debt before holiday spending, so "digging an even bigger hole of debt during the holidays is a major concern for most."
First step: Tally the damage
To sort through your post-holiday debt, write down your total outstanding balance, interest rate and minimum payment for each credit card. Gold suggests paying off the balance on your credit card with the highest interest rate first, and continuing to do so with all your cards until you end up with the lowest interest card. This is the only card that should not have a date with the scissors -- or at least temporarily retired.
Some people have an alternative to credit cards. "If you're a homeowner, set up a home equity line and use that cash to pay off your credit cards. This can save hundreds, if not thousands of dollars in interest charges," Gold says. Be aware, however, that switching a debt from credit card to a home equity loan or line of credit is trading unsecured debt for secured debt. In other words, you could lose your home if you default.
If you feel like you can't go it alone, contact your creditors, or find an accredited credit counselor. Many creditors are willing to work out a repayment plan with you -- either directly or through the credit counselor -- if that will help them get their money without the help of debt collectors. Be mindful that changing your credit terms or paying anything less than you originally agreed can have a substantial negative effect on your credit score.
Whack unnecessary frivolity
Reducing discretionary expenses and cutting back on unnecessary spending and frivolous activity is a wise idea until your finances are back on track, Gold says. He suggests bringing lunch to work and eating out one less night a week. "You'll be surprised how quickly you can save up cash to get rid of that looming debt and begin a truly happy new year," he says.
In order to determine where unnecessary purchases are happening, you should track your spending. Manisha Thakor, co-author of "On My Own Two Feet," a personal finance guide for young women, has many years of experience in the financial services industry. She says it's time for a "financial reality check," which is like a diet diary. This is done by keeping a piece of paper in your wallet for one or two months and writing down everything you spend. "At the end of each month, tally it all up," Thakor says.
"If you find that you are spending as much or more than you make -- and many people do -- whip out two different colored highlighters. With one, highlight the true essentials. In another color highlight all the fun expenses."
Rough budget benchmarks
Thakor says that for most people, balanced spending of your total gross income should be as follows: roughly 25 percent goes to taxes, 15 percent to savings, 45 percent to foundation expenses and 15 percent to fun expenses. "If your budget pie slices are out of whack, slow down and look item by item to see what you can cut back on," Thakor says. Some of her suggestions are getting rid of magazine subscriptions you don't read and no longer going out for drinks with people you don't like.
Once your post-holiday finances have shifted from red to black, learn how to prevent yourself from ending up with the same debt next year. While it may sound early, Gold says you should prepare a budget for next holiday season now. List every possible person you will give gifts to. Look at what you spent this year, inflate it by 2 or 3 percent and use that as your budget. "Divide that number by 12, for 12 months, set up a separate account and have that number automatically deposited into that account. Come December 2008, you have your holiday money," Gold says.
Plan now for '08 holidays
You should also purchase all of your gift-wrapping, cards and decorations in all the post-holiday sales, when everything is heavily discounted, and save them for next year.
Gold also suggests comparing prices on the Internet before going to the store, as you can find some of the best deals this way. Avoiding frequent dining with friends and family during the holidays is another way to cut back. "Instead of going out with every couple in the neighborhood at fine restaurants, consider having a neighborhood potluck dinner," Gold says. "Each couple brings over a dish they prepared and you'll be surprised at how much fun you can have while saving a tremendous amount of money."
A final suggestion is to do a "Secret Santa" or "Secret Hanukkah Harry" gift-giving method. Instead of every single relative buying each other gifts, each person picks a family member's name from a hat (which stays secret) and buys that person a gift. You can place a price cap on how much everyone can spend. This can save you and your family hundreds if not thousands of dollars, depending on how big your family is. "You might be surprised by how many family members feel the same way you do when it comes to spending for the holidays. Trust me, your loved ones will be relieved that they won't have the daunting task of shopping and spending for so many relatives this year," Gold says.
Crawling out of debt isn't easy, so don't keep doing this to yourself every holiday season. Tackle the debt wisely now, and plan way ahead of time for the holidays next year. There's nothing like starting off a new year fresh.